Ophthalmological problems of the premature infant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Preterm infants are more likely than term infants to have significant abnormalities of all parts of the visual system leading to reduced vision. The most common problem is retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The frequency and severity of this disorder is inversely related to gestational age. Damage ranges from minor to catastrophic. Preterm infants also have higher rates of amblyopia, strabismus, refractive error, and cortical visual impairment. The later problem is largely associated with neonatal brain injury. Years later, these children may develop glaucoma and retinal detachments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-257
Number of pages9
JournalMental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Premature Infants
Low Vision
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Amblyopia
Refractive Errors
Strabismus
Vision Disorders
Retinal Detachment
Glaucoma
Brain Injuries
Gestational Age

Keywords

  • Amblyopia
  • Cortical visual impairment
  • Laser
  • Retinopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Ophthalmological problems of the premature infant. / Repka, Michael X.

In: Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2002, p. 249-257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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