Operant Conditioning of Cardiac Function: A Status Report

Bernard T. Engel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The mechanisms of operant conditioning of cardiac function can be analyzed in terms of cardiodynamics, hemodynamics, neural regulations, and psychological regulations. These separate analyses help to suggest a number of experimental hypotheses. Analyses of data from early and late phases of conditioning show that performance at these two stages of training is different: Analyses of acquisition mechanisms must come from the early phase of training, however, analyses of control mechanisms should probably be derived from chronic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-177
Number of pages17
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1972


  • Antonomic nervous system
  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Electroencephalogram. (B. T. Engel)
  • Heart rate
  • Individual response specificity
  • Operant conditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry


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