Open reduction of C1-C2 subluxation with the use of C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screws

Joseph R. O'Brien, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Lee H Riley, Ian Suk, Jean Paul Wolinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord compression secondary to a subluxation of one vertebral body over another can be achieved with reduction of the translational deformity. Intraoperative reduction of C1-C2 subluxations can be technically challenging when one uses traditional techniques (e.g., wiring and transarticular screw fixation). The popularization of C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screws has allowed surgeons to achieve a more complex realignment at this region of the spine. Control of both C1 and C2 with independent fixation can be used to obtain reduction. In certain instances, placement of C2 pedicle screws is not possible. The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2 and can be used for intraoperative reduction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 15-year-old boy with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis presented with spinal cord compression secondary to a C1-C2 subluxation. The C2 pedicle anatomy precluded safe placement of C2 pedicle screws. Art alternative method of fixation with the use of C2 translaminar screws and reduction was performed to obtain proper alignment and decompress the spinal cord. TECHNIQUE: C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws are inserted in the usual fashion. Two contoured rods, two rod holders, and two distractors, combined with C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws, were used to achieve reduction. Concomitant distraction between the C2 translaminar screw head and the rod holder resulted in ventral translation of C2 on C1, decompressing the spinal cord. The reduction was maintained by tightening the C2 locking nut onto the rod. CONCLUSION: The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2. C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screw fixation provide a powerful means of reducing C1-C2 subluxations and maintaining alignment, achieving indirect decompression of the spinal cord.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume63
Issue number1 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

Fingerprint

Spinal Cord
Spinal Cord Compression
Nuts
Juvenile Arthritis
Art
Decompression
Anatomy
Spine
Head
Pedicle Screws
Surgeons

Keywords

  • Atlantoaxial subluxation
  • C1 lateral mass
  • Reduction
  • Translaminar screw

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Open reduction of C1-C2 subluxation with the use of C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screws. / O'Brien, Joseph R.; Gokaslan, Ziya L.; Riley, Lee H; Suk, Ian; Wolinsky, Jean Paul.

In: Neurosurgery, Vol. 63, No. 1 SUPPL., 07.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

O'Brien, Joseph R. ; Gokaslan, Ziya L. ; Riley, Lee H ; Suk, Ian ; Wolinsky, Jean Paul. / Open reduction of C1-C2 subluxation with the use of C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screws. In: Neurosurgery. 2008 ; Vol. 63, No. 1 SUPPL.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord compression secondary to a subluxation of one vertebral body over another can be achieved with reduction of the translational deformity. Intraoperative reduction of C1-C2 subluxations can be technically challenging when one uses traditional techniques (e.g., wiring and transarticular screw fixation). The popularization of C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screws has allowed surgeons to achieve a more complex realignment at this region of the spine. Control of both C1 and C2 with independent fixation can be used to obtain reduction. In certain instances, placement of C2 pedicle screws is not possible. The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2 and can be used for intraoperative reduction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 15-year-old boy with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis presented with spinal cord compression secondary to a C1-C2 subluxation. The C2 pedicle anatomy precluded safe placement of C2 pedicle screws. Art alternative method of fixation with the use of C2 translaminar screws and reduction was performed to obtain proper alignment and decompress the spinal cord. TECHNIQUE: C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws are inserted in the usual fashion. Two contoured rods, two rod holders, and two distractors, combined with C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws, were used to achieve reduction. Concomitant distraction between the C2 translaminar screw head and the rod holder resulted in ventral translation of C2 on C1, decompressing the spinal cord. The reduction was maintained by tightening the C2 locking nut onto the rod. CONCLUSION: The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2. C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screw fixation provide a powerful means of reducing C1-C2 subluxations and maintaining alignment, achieving indirect decompression of the spinal cord.",
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T1 - Open reduction of C1-C2 subluxation with the use of C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screws

AU - O'Brien, Joseph R.

AU - Gokaslan, Ziya L.

AU - Riley, Lee H

AU - Suk, Ian

AU - Wolinsky, Jean Paul

PY - 2008/7

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord compression secondary to a subluxation of one vertebral body over another can be achieved with reduction of the translational deformity. Intraoperative reduction of C1-C2 subluxations can be technically challenging when one uses traditional techniques (e.g., wiring and transarticular screw fixation). The popularization of C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screws has allowed surgeons to achieve a more complex realignment at this region of the spine. Control of both C1 and C2 with independent fixation can be used to obtain reduction. In certain instances, placement of C2 pedicle screws is not possible. The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2 and can be used for intraoperative reduction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 15-year-old boy with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis presented with spinal cord compression secondary to a C1-C2 subluxation. The C2 pedicle anatomy precluded safe placement of C2 pedicle screws. Art alternative method of fixation with the use of C2 translaminar screws and reduction was performed to obtain proper alignment and decompress the spinal cord. TECHNIQUE: C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws are inserted in the usual fashion. Two contoured rods, two rod holders, and two distractors, combined with C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws, were used to achieve reduction. Concomitant distraction between the C2 translaminar screw head and the rod holder resulted in ventral translation of C2 on C1, decompressing the spinal cord. The reduction was maintained by tightening the C2 locking nut onto the rod. CONCLUSION: The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2. C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screw fixation provide a powerful means of reducing C1-C2 subluxations and maintaining alignment, achieving indirect decompression of the spinal cord.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord compression secondary to a subluxation of one vertebral body over another can be achieved with reduction of the translational deformity. Intraoperative reduction of C1-C2 subluxations can be technically challenging when one uses traditional techniques (e.g., wiring and transarticular screw fixation). The popularization of C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screws has allowed surgeons to achieve a more complex realignment at this region of the spine. Control of both C1 and C2 with independent fixation can be used to obtain reduction. In certain instances, placement of C2 pedicle screws is not possible. The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2 and can be used for intraoperative reduction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 15-year-old boy with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis presented with spinal cord compression secondary to a C1-C2 subluxation. The C2 pedicle anatomy precluded safe placement of C2 pedicle screws. Art alternative method of fixation with the use of C2 translaminar screws and reduction was performed to obtain proper alignment and decompress the spinal cord. TECHNIQUE: C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws are inserted in the usual fashion. Two contoured rods, two rod holders, and two distractors, combined with C1 lateral mass screws and C2 translaminar screws, were used to achieve reduction. Concomitant distraction between the C2 translaminar screw head and the rod holder resulted in ventral translation of C2 on C1, decompressing the spinal cord. The reduction was maintained by tightening the C2 locking nut onto the rod. CONCLUSION: The use of C2 translaminar screws (if the C2 lamina is present and suitable) is an alternative method of fixation in C2. C1 lateral mass and C2 translaminar screw fixation provide a powerful means of reducing C1-C2 subluxations and maintaining alignment, achieving indirect decompression of the spinal cord.

KW - Atlantoaxial subluxation

KW - C1 lateral mass

KW - Reduction

KW - Translaminar screw

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