Ongoing US cooperative group trials using taxanes in the adjuvant setting

Nancy E. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The use of systemic adjuvant therapy in women with early-stage breast cancer has been demonstrated to have a profound impact on survival. The role of paclitaxel and docetaxel in the adjuvant setting has attracted a great deal of attention. Both of these agents are highly active in patients with advanced breast cancer. In addition, they can be utilized in combination with anthracyclines, which have been shown to provide a slightly better outcome in patients with early-stage breast cancer compared to non-anthracycline-containing regimens. Randomized trials have demonstrated a potential role for paclitaxel in adjuvant chemotherapy. In the Cancer and Leukemia Group B 9344 trial, which explored the use of doxocrubicin and cyclophosphamide with or without paclitaxel, the initial analysis demonstrated a 22% reduction in the relative risk of relapse and a 26% reduction in the relative risk of death in the paclitaxel group. However, a clear role for the use of paclitaxel in adjuvant therapy remains to be defined. The Breast Cancer International Research Group trial 001 compared the combination of docetaxel/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide to 5-fluorouracil/doxorubicin/ cyclophosphamide. This trial demonstrated a promising reduction in the relative risk of recurrence of 32% for the docetaxel/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide group. Ongoing trials will help to further define the role of taxanes in the adjuvant setting for patients with operable breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S53-S58
JournalClinical Breast Cancer
Volume3
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002

Keywords

  • Adjuvant therapy
  • Anthracyclines
  • Combination therapy
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Docetaxel
  • Paclitaxel
  • Tamoxifen
  • Trastuzumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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