Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of dose reporting schemes and tissue/applicator heterogeneities for 192Ir-, 75Se-, and 169Yb-based MRI-guided conventional and intensity-modulated brachytherapy. Methods and Materials: Treatment plans using a variety of dose reporting and tissue/applicator segmentation schemes were generated for a cohort (n = 10) of cervical cancer patients treated with 192Ir-based Venezia brachytherapy. Dose calculations were performed using RapidBrachyMCTPS, a Geant4-based research Monte Carlo treatment planning system. Ultimately, five dose calculation scenarios were evaluated: (a) dose to water in water (Dw,w); (b) Dw,w taking the applicator material into consideration (Dw,wApp); (c) dose to water in medium (Dw,m); (d and e) dose to medium in medium with mass densities assigned either nominally per structure (Dm,m (Nom)) or voxel-by-voxel (Dm,m). Results: Ignoring the plastic Venezia applicator (Dw,wApp) overestimates Dm,m by up to 1% (average) with high energy source (192Ir and 75Se) and up to 2% with 169Yb. Scoring dose to water (Dw,wApp or Dw,m) generally overestimates dose and this effect increases with decreasing photon energy. Reporting dose other than Dm,m (or Dm,m Nom) for 169Yb-based conventional and intensity-modulated brachytherapy leads to a simultaneous overestimation (up to 4%) of CTVHR D90 and underestimation (up to 2%) of bladder D2cc due to a significant dip in the mass-energy absorption ratios at the depths of nearby targets and OARs. Using a nominal mass-density assignment per structure, rather than a CT-derived voxel-by-voxel assignment for MRI-guided brachytherapy, amounts to a dose error up to 1% for all radionuclides considered. Conclusions: The effects of the considered dose reporting schemes trend correspondingly between conventional and intensity-modulated brachytherapy. In the absence of CT-derived mass densities, MRI-only-based dosimetry can adequately approximate Dm,m by assigning nominal mass densities to structures. Tissue and applicator heterogeneities do not significantly impact dosimetry for 192Ir and 75Se, but do for 169Yb; dose reporting must be explicitly defined since Dw,m and Dw,w may overstate the dosimetric benefits.
- MR-guided brachytherapy
- dynamic shield brachytherapy
- intensity modulated brachytherapy
- rotating shield brachytherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging