Omental free flap reconstruction in complex head and neck deformities

Albert Losken, Grant W. Carlson, John H. Culbertson, C. Scott Hultman, Ajay V. Kumar, Glyn E. Jones, John Bostwick, Maurice J. Jurkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Microvascular free flaps continue to revolutionize coverage options in head and neck reconstruction. This article reviews our 25-year experience with omental free tissue transfers. Methods. All patients who underwent free omental transfer to the head and neck region were reviewed. Results. Fifty-five patients were included with omental transfers to the scalp (25%), craniofacial (62%), and neck (13%) region. Indications were tumor resections, burn wound, hemifacial atrophy, trauma, and moyamoya disease. Average follow-up was 3.1 years (range, 2 months-13 years). Donor site morbidities included abdominal wound infection, gastric outlet obstruction, and postoperative bleeding. Recipient site morbidities included partial flap loss in four patients (7%) total flap loss in two patients (3.6%), and three hematomas. Conclusions. The omental free flap has acceptable abdominal morbidity and provides sufficient soft tissue coverage with a 96.4% survival. The thickness and versatility of omentum provide sufficient contour molding for craniofacial reconstruction. It is an attractive alternative for reconstruction of large scalp defects and badly irradiated tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-331
Number of pages6
JournalHead and Neck
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Extirpation
  • Free flaps
  • Head and neck
  • Omentum
  • Reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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