OGFOD1, a novel modulator of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α phosphorylation and the cellular response to stress

Karen A. Wehner, Sylvia Schütz, Peter Sarnow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cells possess mechanisms that permit survival and recovery from stress, several of which regulate the phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α). We identified the human OGFOD1 protein as a novel stress granule component that regulates the phosphorylation of eIF2α and the resumption of translation in cells recovering from arsenite-induced stress. Coimmunoprecipitation studies revealed that OGFOD1 associates with a small subset of stress granule proteins (G3BP1, USP10, Caprin1, and YB-1) and the ribosome in both unstressed and stressed cells. Overexpression of OGFOD1 led to increased abundance of phosphorylated eIF2α, both in unstressed cells and in cells exposed to arsenite-induced stress, and to accelerated apoptosis during stress. Conversely, knockdown of OGFOD1 resulted in smaller amounts of phosphorylated eIF2α and a faster accumulation of polyribosomes in cells recovering from stress. Finally, OGFOD1 interacted with both eIF2α and the eIF2α kinase heme-regulated inhibitor (HRI), which was identified as a novel stress granule resident. These findings argue that OGFOD1 plays important proapoptotic roles in the regulation of translation and HRI-mediated phosphorylation of eIF2α in cells subjected to arsenite-induced stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2006-2016
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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