Off-pump coronary artery bypass in octogenarians: results of a statewide, matched comparison

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Abstract

Objectives: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) may have advantages in the elderly. Although proven safe, it remains unclear whether OPCAB provides a short-term survival benefit in octogenarians. We sought to compare outcomes using propensity matching between OPCAB and conventional surgery in a statewide database. Methods: We identified all octogenarians (≥ 80 years) who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CAB) at 10 different centers in the state of Maryland from July 2011 to June 2016. We separated patients into two groups: OPCAB and on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB). Patients were assigned propensity scores with a semi-parsimonious logistic regression model and matched 1:1 by the nearest-neighbor principle. A revascularization ratio was determined between the number of distal grafts sewn and number of diseased coronaries (≥ 50% stenosis). Results: In total, 926 octogenarians underwent isolated CAB (8.2% of all CAB): 798 (86%) had ONCAB and 128 (14%) had OPCAB. Propensity matching yielded 128 well-matched pairs. Operative mortality was similar between groups (OPCAB 5.5% vs ONCAB 3.1%, p = 0.364). Rates of complications were similar between groups. OPCAB patients had a lower revascularization ratio (0.92 vs 1.15, p < 0.001), but more frequent use of left internal mammary artery (97 vs 89%, p = 0.017), and decreased intraoperative transfusion rates (33 vs 63%, p < 0.001). Conclusions: In comparing outcomes among octogenarians across the state of Maryland, OPCAB and ONCAB had similar mortality and morbidity. However, OPCAB was associated with a lower revascularization ratio. Thus, our results demonstrate no short-term survival benefit of OPCAB over ONCAB in octogenarians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGeneral Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Coronary artery bypass
  • Octogenarians
  • Off pump
  • Propensity matching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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