Ocular toxocariasis is an uncommon worldwide parasitic infection that affects mostly children and is found in both rural and metropolitan areas. In many parts of the world, parasitic infections of the eye are a major cause of blindness. The diagnosis of toxocariasis is essentially clinical, based on the lesion morphology and supportive laboratory data such as serum enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) titers and ELISA Toxocara titers on aqueous humor; other diagnostic methods are imaging studies including optical coherence tomography, fl uorescein angiography, computed tomography, and ocular ultrasound. Treatment is directed at complications arising from intraocular infl ammation and vitreous membrane traction. Early vitrectomy may be of value both diagnostically and therapeutically.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health