Normal- and diabetic rhesus monkeys without retinopathy demonstrable by ophthalmoscopy or fluorescein angiography were examined with ocular fluorophotometry to detect alterations in their blood-ocular barriers. All vitreous fluorophotometry values were corrected for fluorescence attributable to background levels and then normalized to a blood fluorescein level of 10 μg ml-1. Reproducibility studies demonstrated an average coefficient of variation of 0·17 for all animals combined. Insulin-dependent monkeys, both pancreatectomized and strepozotocin-treated, demonstrated significantly higher posterior vitreous fluorescence levels than either control animals or monkeys treated with streptozotocin that were not insulin-dependent. These results cannot be attributed to differences in fluorescein binding or to vitreous abnormalities. However, 14 out of 24 (58%) of the insulin-dependent animals exhibited posterior vitreous fluorescence values within two standard deviations of the control mean. No correlation was apparent between the vitreous values and age or duration of treatment. No difference in anterior chamber concentrations was found between groups after correction. Our results indicate that alterations in the blood-retinal barrier can occur in insulin-dependent diabetic monkeys before development of retinopathy.
- blood-retinal barrier
- ocular fluorophotometry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience