Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center

Virginia Marie Weaver, Melissa A. McDiarmid, Jill A. Guidera, Frances E. Humphrey, John A. Schaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although the risks of certain chemical agents in the hospital environment are well known, problems associated with the entire spectrum of chemicals are not. To address this issue, we analyzed incident reports generated in response to chemical exposures in an academic medical center. We also reviewed workers’ compensation clinic logs and the OSHA 200 log to obtain information on medical follow-up and severity. A total of 253 exposures occurred during the 3 years from 1988 to 1990. The overall incidence rate was 8.0 per 1000 person-years. Exposure rates by job title were highest for housekeepers (60.1 per 1000 person-years), followed by maintenance workers (18.6), and laboratory technicians (13.1). The most frequently involved chemical groups were disinfectants (25.9%), solvents (16.8%), and cleaning compounds (12.1%). Exposure by the dermal route was most common (37.9%). Thirteen percent of the exposures resulted in lost time and a similar percentage was reported on the OSHA log. Medical treatment was obtained by 53%. Implications for hazard communication, recordkeeping, and prevention are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-706
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Occupational Medicine
Volume35
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Occupational Exposure
Laboratory Personnel
Workers' Compensation
Disinfectants
Communication
Maintenance
Skin
Incidence
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Weaver, V. M., McDiarmid, M. A., Guidera, J. A., Humphrey, F. E., & Schaefer, J. A. (1993). Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 35(7), 701-706.

Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center. / Weaver, Virginia Marie; McDiarmid, Melissa A.; Guidera, Jill A.; Humphrey, Frances E.; Schaefer, John A.

In: Journal of Occupational Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 7, 1993, p. 701-706.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weaver, VM, McDiarmid, MA, Guidera, JA, Humphrey, FE & Schaefer, JA 1993, 'Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center', Journal of Occupational Medicine, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 701-706.
Weaver VM, McDiarmid MA, Guidera JA, Humphrey FE, Schaefer JA. Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center. Journal of Occupational Medicine. 1993;35(7):701-706.
Weaver, Virginia Marie ; McDiarmid, Melissa A. ; Guidera, Jill A. ; Humphrey, Frances E. ; Schaefer, John A. / Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center. In: Journal of Occupational Medicine. 1993 ; Vol. 35, No. 7. pp. 701-706.
@article{82b18ec7eabd40edbe59c60cfcce75da,
title = "Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center",
abstract = "Although the risks of certain chemical agents in the hospital environment are well known, problems associated with the entire spectrum of chemicals are not. To address this issue, we analyzed incident reports generated in response to chemical exposures in an academic medical center. We also reviewed workers’ compensation clinic logs and the OSHA 200 log to obtain information on medical follow-up and severity. A total of 253 exposures occurred during the 3 years from 1988 to 1990. The overall incidence rate was 8.0 per 1000 person-years. Exposure rates by job title were highest for housekeepers (60.1 per 1000 person-years), followed by maintenance workers (18.6), and laboratory technicians (13.1). The most frequently involved chemical groups were disinfectants (25.9{\%}), solvents (16.8{\%}), and cleaning compounds (12.1{\%}). Exposure by the dermal route was most common (37.9{\%}). Thirteen percent of the exposures resulted in lost time and a similar percentage was reported on the OSHA log. Medical treatment was obtained by 53{\%}. Implications for hazard communication, recordkeeping, and prevention are discussed.",
author = "Weaver, {Virginia Marie} and McDiarmid, {Melissa A.} and Guidera, {Jill A.} and Humphrey, {Frances E.} and Schaefer, {John A.}",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "701--706",
journal = "Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1076-2752",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational chemical exposures in an academic medical center

AU - Weaver, Virginia Marie

AU - McDiarmid, Melissa A.

AU - Guidera, Jill A.

AU - Humphrey, Frances E.

AU - Schaefer, John A.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Although the risks of certain chemical agents in the hospital environment are well known, problems associated with the entire spectrum of chemicals are not. To address this issue, we analyzed incident reports generated in response to chemical exposures in an academic medical center. We also reviewed workers’ compensation clinic logs and the OSHA 200 log to obtain information on medical follow-up and severity. A total of 253 exposures occurred during the 3 years from 1988 to 1990. The overall incidence rate was 8.0 per 1000 person-years. Exposure rates by job title were highest for housekeepers (60.1 per 1000 person-years), followed by maintenance workers (18.6), and laboratory technicians (13.1). The most frequently involved chemical groups were disinfectants (25.9%), solvents (16.8%), and cleaning compounds (12.1%). Exposure by the dermal route was most common (37.9%). Thirteen percent of the exposures resulted in lost time and a similar percentage was reported on the OSHA log. Medical treatment was obtained by 53%. Implications for hazard communication, recordkeeping, and prevention are discussed.

AB - Although the risks of certain chemical agents in the hospital environment are well known, problems associated with the entire spectrum of chemicals are not. To address this issue, we analyzed incident reports generated in response to chemical exposures in an academic medical center. We also reviewed workers’ compensation clinic logs and the OSHA 200 log to obtain information on medical follow-up and severity. A total of 253 exposures occurred during the 3 years from 1988 to 1990. The overall incidence rate was 8.0 per 1000 person-years. Exposure rates by job title were highest for housekeepers (60.1 per 1000 person-years), followed by maintenance workers (18.6), and laboratory technicians (13.1). The most frequently involved chemical groups were disinfectants (25.9%), solvents (16.8%), and cleaning compounds (12.1%). Exposure by the dermal route was most common (37.9%). Thirteen percent of the exposures resulted in lost time and a similar percentage was reported on the OSHA log. Medical treatment was obtained by 53%. Implications for hazard communication, recordkeeping, and prevention are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027171041&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027171041&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 701

EP - 706

JO - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1076-2752

IS - 7

ER -