Morphologic abnormalities of the pharyngeal airway are frequently found in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. These structural alterations in the pharyngeal airway can be detected in awake patients by using rapid imaging techniques. Ten patients with clinically proved obstructive sleep apnea had ultrafast spoiled gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady state (GRASS) MR imaging of the pharyngeal airway to determine the presence of occlusions and/or narrowings. Twelve sequential images were obtained at one midsagittal plane and at eight transverse planes through the pharyngeal airway. The scans were obtained at the rate of one image per 1.04 sec while the patient was breathing quietly. Occlusions or narrowings of the pharyngeal airways were detected on MR images in all patients. The site(s) of the occlusions and the site(s) and extent of the narrowings varied. Six patients had occlusions and four had narrowings of one or more sites. This study shows that ultrafast spoiled GRASS MR imaging can be used to evaluate patients with obstructive sleep apnea during tidal breathing and is useful for determining the presence of occlusions and narrowings of the pharyngeal airway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Roentgenology|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology