Obstructive sleep apnea in children

C. L. Marcus, G. M. Loughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a common cause of morbidity during childhood. Childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is usually secondary to adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Other risk factors include craniofacial anomalies, obesity, and neuromuscular disease. Symptoms include snoring and difficulty breathing during sleep. Definitive diagnosis is made by polysomnography. Normative polysomnographic parameters vary with age; thus age-appropriate norms must he used. In contrast to adults, children often manifest a pattern of persistent partial airway obstruction during sleep, rather than cyclical, discrete obstructive apneas. Most children are cured by tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. However, some children require further therapy, such as continuous positive airway pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Sleep
Adenoidectomy
Snoring
Neuromuscular Diseases
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Tonsillectomy
Polysomnography
Apnea
Airway Obstruction
Hypertrophy
Respiration
Obesity
Morbidity
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Obstructive sleep apnea in children. / Marcus, C. L.; Loughlin, G. M.

In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1996, p. 23-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marcus, C. L. ; Loughlin, G. M. / Obstructive sleep apnea in children. In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 1996 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 23-28.
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