Obstructive sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes in older adults

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Both obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus are commonly seen in older adults. Over the last decade, there has been increasing recognition that OSA is highly prevalent in persons with type 2 diabetes and related metabolic conditions such as insulin resistance and glucose intolerance. Intermittent hypoxemia and recurrent arousals in OSA trigger a repertoire of pathophysiological events, which can in turn alter glucose homeostasis and possibly increase the risk for type 2 diabetes. Conversely, there is evidence that type 2 diabetes may alter the progression and expression of sleep-disordered breathing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-147
Number of pages9
JournalClinics in geriatric medicine
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Central sleep apnea
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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