Obstructive sleep apnea and transportation: Medicolegal issues

Vidya Krishnan, Susheel P. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of accidents related to driving or mass transportation. In this article, the mechanisms for neurocognitive deficits and common subjective and objective testing for determining alertness-related impairments are reviewed. The basis of legal culpability for sleep-related accidents and the role of the clinician or sleep physician are discussed. Education of the patient and public on the risk of OSA on driving ability is a critical role of the clinician. General laws and regulations regarding OSA and driving are reviewed. Physicians are responsible for familiarizing themselves with policies that govern their jurisdiction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-605
Number of pages15
JournalSleep Medicine Clinics
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Automobile driving
  • Drivers
  • Legal issues
  • Medical legal issues
  • Neurocognitive impairment
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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