Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common psychiatric condition that usually emerges during childhood or adolescence. Over 80% of individuals with OCD have their onset before age 18 years. Epidemiologic studies suggest a prevalence of 1-2% for adolescents. Method: This article reviews current knowledge of paediatric OCD in the following areas: age of onset, nosology and classification, subtypes, prevalence, aetiology, pathophysiology, assessment, prognosis and treatment. Results: Essential components of treatment include long-term commitment, care management and illness education. Specific components of treatment include cognitive- behavioural therapy, parent behaviour management training and medication. Conclusions: The most effective treatments are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (e.g. fluvoxamine, sertraline) and exposure/response prevention.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Psychiatry|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 35|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health