Objectively measured sleep duration and hyperglycemia in pregnancy

Sharon J. Herring, Deborah B. Nelson, Grace W. Pien, Carol Homko, Laura M. Goetzl, Adam Davey, Gary D. Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Our primary purpose was to assess the impact of objectively measured nighttime sleep duration on gestational glucose tolerance. We additionally examined associations of objectively measured daytime sleep duration and nap frequency on maternal glycemic control. Methods: Sixty-three urban, low-income, pregnant women wore wrist actigraphs for an average of 6 full days in mid-pregnancy prior to screening for hyperglycemia using the 1-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Correlations of nighttime and daytime sleep durations with 1-h OGTT values were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate independent associations between sleep parameters and hyperglycemia, defined as 1-h OGTT values ≥130. mg/dL. Results: Mean nighttime sleep duration was 6.9 ± 0.9. h which was inversely correlated with 1-h OGTT values (r= -0.28, P = .03). Shorter nighttime sleep was associated with hyperglycemia, even after controlling for age and body mass index (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.2 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 0.1-0.8]). There were no associations of daytime sleep duration and nap frequency with 1-h OGTT values or hyperglycemia. Conclusions: Using objective measures of maternal sleep time, we found that women with shorter nighttime sleep durations had an increased risk for gestational hyperglycemia. Larger prospective studies are needed to confirm our negative daytime sleep findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalSleep Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • Actigraphy
  • Daytime sleep duration
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Nap frequency
  • Nighttime sleep duration
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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