Obesity has no effect on outcomes following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

Johannes F. Plate, Marco A. Augart, Thorsten M. Seyler, Daniel N. Bracey, Aneitra Hoggard, Michael Akbar, Riyaz H. Jinnah, Gary G. Poehling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Although obesity has historically been described as a contraindication to UKA, improved outcomes with modern UKA implant designs have challenged this perception. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of obesity on the outcomes of UKA with a robotic-assisted system at a minimum follow-up of 24 months with the hypothesis that obesity has no effect on robotic-assisted UKA outcomes. Methods: There were 746 medial robotic-assisted UKAs (672 patients) with a mean age of 64 years (SD 11) and a mean follow-up time of 34.6 months (SD 7.8). Mean overall body mass index (BMI) was 32.1 kg/m2 (SD 6.5), and patients were stratified into seven weight categories according to the World Health Organization classification. Results: Patient BMI did not influence the rate of revision surgery to TKA (5.8 %) or conversion from InLay to OnLay design (1.7 %, n.s.). Mean postoperative Oxford knee score was 37 (SD 11) without correlation with BMI (n.s.). The type of prosthesis (InLay/OnLay) regardless of BMI had no influence on revision rate (n.s.). BMI did not influence 90-day readmissions (4.4 %, n.s.), but showed significant correlation with higher opioid medication requirements and a higher number of physical therapy session needed to reach discharge goals (p = 0.031). Conclusion: These findings suggest that BMI does not influence clinical outcomes and readmission rates of robotic-assisted UKA at mid-term. The classic contraindication of BMI >30 kg/m2 may not be justified with the use of modern UKA designs or techniques. Level of evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-651
Number of pages7
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Knee replacement
  • Medial
  • Navigation
  • Robotic assisted
  • UKA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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    Plate, J. F., Augart, M. A., Seyler, T. M., Bracey, D. N., Hoggard, A., Akbar, M., Jinnah, R. H., & Poehling, G. G. (2017). Obesity has no effect on outcomes following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 25(3), 645-651. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-015-3597-5