Obesity, ethnicity, and quality of life among breast cancer survivors and women without breast cancer: the long-term quality of life follow-up study

Avonne E. Connor, Richard N. Baumgartner, Christina M. Pinkston, Stephanie D. Boone, Kathy B. Baumgartner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between obesity and quality of life (QOL) among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white breast cancer survivors and population-based controls from the ‘Long-Term Quality of Life Study’—a 12- to 15-year follow-up study of breast cancer cases/survivors and controls from New Mexico (n = 451). Methods: Using multiple linear regressions, obesity measures [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2] at baseline and follow-up interview were modeled with composite scores for physical and mental health from the SF-36 Quality of Life Survey. Interaction between ethnicity and BMI and change in BMI were evaluated. All models were adjusted for age, ethnicity, Charlson Index, depression, fatigue, and physical activity. Results: Baseline obesity (β = −6.58, p = 0.04) was significantly associated with decreased mental health among survivors, but not among controls. Obesity at baseline and follow-up were significantly associated with decreased physical health among survivors (baseline β = −10.51, p = 0.004; follow-up β = −7.16, p = 0.02) and controls (baseline β = −11.07, p < 0.001; follow-up β = −5.18, p = 0.04). No significant interactions between ethnicity and BMI were observed. Conclusions: Our findings provide unique information about a diverse population of breast cancer survivors and controls and the impact of obesity on the mental and physical aspects of QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Obesity
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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