Obesity and Kidney Disease: Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic

Csaba P. Kovesdy, Susan L. Furth, Carmine Zoccali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and also for chronic kidney disease. A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing chronic kidney disease in the long-term. The incidence of obesity-related glomerulopathy has increased 10-fold in recent years. Obesity has also been shown to be a risk factor for nephrolithiasis, and for a number of malignancies including kidney cancer. This year, the World Kidney Day promotes education on the harmful consequences of obesity and its association with kidney disease, advocating healthy lifestyle and health policy measures that make preventive behaviors an affordable option. Video Journal Club 'Cappuccino with Claudio Ronco' at http://www.karger.com/?doi=458481.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-354
Number of pages9
JournalBlood Purification
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Kidney Diseases
Obesity
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Kidney
Nephrolithiasis
Kidney Neoplasms
Health Policy
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases
Body Weight
Education
Pressure
Incidence
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Kidney cancer
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Obesity
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

Cite this

Obesity and Kidney Disease : Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic. / Kovesdy, Csaba P.; Furth, Susan L.; Zoccali, Carmine.

In: Blood Purification, Vol. 43, No. 4, 01.04.2017, p. 346-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Kovesdy, CP, Furth, SL & Zoccali, C 2017, 'Obesity and Kidney Disease: Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic', Blood Purification, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 346-354. https://doi.org/10.1159/000458481
Kovesdy, Csaba P. ; Furth, Susan L. ; Zoccali, Carmine. / Obesity and Kidney Disease : Hidden Consequences of the Epidemic. In: Blood Purification. 2017 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 346-354.
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