The relationship of oats and buckwheat intake to cardiovascular disease risk factors was studied in 850 Yi people, an ethnic minority in southwest China. Blood pressure was measured on 3 consecutive days. Serum total cholesterol, high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides were measured after a 14-h fast. Oats and buckwheat intakes were assessed by questionnaire. In multiple-regression analysis, oats intake (100 g/d) was associated with lower body mass index (-0.25, in kg/m2; P <0.05), systolic (-3.1 mm Hg, P <0.001) and diastolic (- 1.3 mm Hg, P <0.01) blood pressure, and HDL cholesterol (0.13 mmol/L, P <0.001). Buckwheat intake (100 g/d) was associated with lower serum total cholesterol (0.07 mmol/L, P <0.01) and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (-0.06 mmol/L, P <0.05) and a higher ratio of HDL to total cholesterol (0.01, P <0.05). These findings suggest a role for oats and buckwheat consumption in the prevention and treatment of both hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Nutrition|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Medicine (miscellaneous)