Nutritional Interventions in the Patient with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Berkeley N. Limketkai, Andrea Wolf, Alyssa Parian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Nutritional strategies have been explored as primary or adjunct therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Exclusive enteral nutrition is effective for the induction of remission in Crohn disease and is recommended as a first-line therapy for children. Dietary strategies focus on adjusting the ratio of consumed nutrients that are proinflammatory or antiinflammatory. Treatments with dietary supplements focus on the antiinflammatory effects of the individual supplements (eg, curcumin, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D) or their positive effects on the intestinal microbiome (eg, prebiotics, probiotics). This article discusses the role of diets and dietary supplements in the treatment of IBD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-177
Number of pages23
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Clinical remission
  • Crohn's disease
  • Diet
  • Dietary supplements
  • Microbiome
  • Prebiotics
  • Probiotics
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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