Nutritional considerations in adult cardiothoracic surgical patients

Juan A. Sanchez, Lise L. Sanchez, Stanley J. Dudrick

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The importance of the preoperative nutritional status of cardiothoracic surgical patients in determining outcomes is demonstrated and discussed. Demographic, anthropometric, and biochemical changes in patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery increase the importance of identifying those at risk for postoperative complications resulting from malnutrition. The interrelationships of chronic heart failure, cardiac cachexia, nutritional status, and nutritional support are identified and emphasized. The complexities of myocardial energetics and metabolism are outlined together with the nutrient needs for patients undergoing cardiac, pulmonary, or other intrathoracic operative procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-875
Number of pages19
JournalSurgical Clinics of North America
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac cachexia
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Chronic heart failure
  • Malnutrition risk factors
  • Nutrition
  • Thoracic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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