Nutrition surveillance in Bangladesh: a useful tool for policy planning at the local and national levels

M. W. Bloem, A. Hye, J. Gorstein, M. Wijnroks, G. Hall, H. Matzger, A. Sommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As a response to the inability to provide vital information during the floods of 1987 and 1988 a nutrition surveillance system (the NSP) was established. This is a collaborative effort that involves international and indigenous non-governmental organizations and the government of Bangladesh. The NSP has demonstrated an ability to provide regular and dependable information on the prevalence of undernutrition and morbidity in children under five years of age, household socio-economic characteristics, food prices, and the extent of distress at household and community levels from data collected every two months by NGOs and the government in selected rural districts and urban slums in all regions of the country. The system was established as a bottom-up surveillance system and has proved to be an excellent tool for policy makers from several sectors, involving health, agriculture, and food aid. The NGOs use it for the continuous monitoring of their development programmes and to identify mechanisms through which services can be delivered most effectively. Regional-level analyses evaluated the impact of the universal vitamin A capsule distribution programme. After the cyclone of 1991, the NSP demonstrated its flexibility by expanding rapidly to cover affected districts and provide pertinent information to those involved in relief efforts. Most recently, the NSP has provided information on the role of food prices on nutrition status. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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