Nutrition in the surgical patient

Rosemary Kozar, Diane A. Schwartz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Nutrition in the surgical patient is a multifactorial, complex subject. Beyond the decision to feed enterally or parenterally, a surgeon must consider specific patient characteristics that interfere with the delivery of nutrients for useful and purposeful digestion and metabolism. Certainly the patient with postoperative ileus, a previous bowel obstruction, short gut, the trauma open, damage-controlled abdomen, or discontinuous bowel, to mention only a few special circumstances, has energy requirements beyond what is provided by maintenance or resuscitative fluids, and these examples comprise situations in which early feeding would inherently be of benefit. Certainly the patient with fistulization to the skin deserves focused discussion as this patient population, more than the standard surgical patient or the disaster, damage-controlled abdomen, has the additional complexity of nutrient and digestive component loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCommon Problems in Acute Care Surgery
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages119-129
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781461461234
ISBN (Print)1461461227, 9781461461227
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kozar, R., & Schwartz, D. A. (2013). Nutrition in the surgical patient. In Common Problems in Acute Care Surgery (pp. 119-129). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6123-4_9