Nutrition and health practices of diabetic and nondiabetic men and women from two southeastern new england communities

Donna R. Parker, Kate L. Lapane, Thomas M. Lasater, Janice B. McPhillips, Richard A. Carleton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diabetes occurs in at least 13 million persons in the United States and is a major cause of morbidity and premature mortality. Diet is the cornerstone of diabetes management, and the purpose of this investigation was to examine dietary intakes and health practices among diabetic and nondiabetic individuals from a recently surveyed population-based sample from two communities in southeastern New England. Data were collected during cross-sectional home health surveys conducted in random population samples of two New England communities during 1987–1988, 1989–1990, and 1992–1993. A food frequency questionnaire was completed by 1,897 of 2,077 eligible respondents who made up our study sample. Statistical analyses suggest that diabetic individuals do not appear to be adhering to measures known to improve metabolic control (i.e., weight reduction and physical activity). Furthermore, both diabetic and nondiabetic individuals alike should be targeted for educational programs aimed at improving dietary intakes which lead to a reduction in consumption of total and saturated fatty acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-268
Number of pages14
JournalNutrition and Health
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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