Nutrient intake and food use in an Ojibwa-Cree community in Northern Ontario assessed by 24h dietary recall

Thomas M.S. Wolever, Safa Hamad, Joel Gittelsohn, Anthony J.G. Hanley, Alexander Logan, Stewart B. Harris, Bernard Zinman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As part of a diabetes prevention program in a remote Ojibwa-Cree community in Northern Ontario, 72% of residents >9y of age (729/1019) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test; >98% (718/729) of participants provided a complete 24h dietary recall. Their diet was typical of that for aboriginal North American populations undergoing rapid cultural change, being high in saturated fat (~13% energy), cholesterol and simple sugars (~22% energy), low in dietary fibre (11g/d) and nigh in glycaemic index (~90). There were high prevalences of inadequate intakes of vitamin A (77%), calcium (58%), vitamin C (40%) and folate (37%). Adolescents aged 10-19y consumed more simple sugars and less protein than adults aged >49y and ate more potato chips, flied potatoes, hamburger, pizza, soft drinks and table sugar. Adults >49y retained more traditional eating habits, using more bannock (fried bread) and wild meats than younger individuals. Interventions to prevent diabetes in the community should include culturally appropriate and effective ways to improve the nutritional adequacy of the diet, reduce fat intake and increase the use of less refined carbohydrate foods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)603-618
Number of pages16
JournalNutrition Research
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Dietary Survey
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Adequacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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