Nursing home resident and facility characteristics associated with pneumococcal vaccination: National nursing home survey, 1995-1999

Barbara Bardenheier, Abigail Shefer, Ronald Tiggle, Jill Marsteller, Robin E. Remsburg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices recommendations for the pneumococcal vaccine in nursing home residents using national surveys to examine factors associated with vaccination. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national sample surveys of nursing homes and nursing home residents with a two-stage probability design, stratified on size and Medicare and Medicaid certification status. SETTING: U.S. nursing homes during 1995, 1997, and 1999. PARTICIPANTS: Six current residents were randomly selected from each facility (n = approximately 8,000 each year). MEASUREMENTS: Residents' pneumococcal vaccination status was obtained by asking the facility respondent for each resident: "Has [the resident] EVER had a pneumococcal vaccine, that is a pneumonia vaccination?" Vaccination status was coded as yes, no, and unknown. RESULTS: The proportion of residents aged 65 and older that received pneumococcal vaccination increased significantly, from 23.6% in 1995 to 28.2% in 1997 to 37.4% in 1999 (P<.001). The proportion of residents in homes with pneumococcal immunization programs increased significantly, from 65.2% in 1995 to 88.9% in 1999. CONCLUSION: The proportion of nursing home residents aged 65 and older receiving the pneumococcal vaccine increased significantly from 1995 to 1999. Residents living in nursing homes with programs for pneumococcal immunizations were significantly more likely to be vaccinated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1543-1551
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Nursing home
  • Pneumococcal
  • Vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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