Nurses' Health Education Program in India Increases HIV Knowledge and Reduces Fear

Hemlata Pisal, Savita Sutar, Jayagowri Sastry, Nandita Kapadia-Kundu, Aparna Joshi, Mangala Joshi, Jo Leslie, Lisa Scotti, Kapila Bharucha, Nishi Suryavanshi, Mrudula Phadke, Robert Bollinger, Anita V. Shankar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Few health care facilities are adequately prepared to manage and care for HIV/AIDS patients in India. Nurses play a critical role in patient care but are often ill-equipped to deal with their own fears of occupational risk and handle the clinical aspects of HIV/AIDS care, leading to stigma and discrimination toward HIV-positive patients. The authors examine the impact of a 4-day HIV/AIDS health education program on knowledge and attitudes of nurses in a government hospital. This education program was developed using a training of trainers model and qualitative research. A total of 21 master trainers underwent 6 days of training and began training of 552 hospital nurses (in 2004-2005). Using a pretest-posttest design, the authors assessed changes in knowledge and attitudes of 371 trained nurses. Significant improvements were seen in nurses' HIV/AIDS knowledge in all areas including care, treatment, and issues of confidentiality and consent. Fear of interaction with people living with HIV/AIDS was reduced significantly. The short course was successful in increasing nurses' knowledge in all aspects. There is great potential to expand this stigma-reduction intervention to other public and private hospitals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-43
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • discrimination
  • fear reduction
  • health education
  • health service delivery
  • nurses
  • stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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