Nucleophosmin, HDM2 and p53: Players in UV damage incited nucleolar stress response

Sari Kurki, Karita Peltonen, Marikki Laiho

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

p53 tumor suppressor protein acts as a critical monitor preventing survival of cells with irreparable genetic damage. Its levels are tightly controlled by its negative regulator HDM2, and are allowed to rise only during cellular stress. In our recent paper (Kurki, et al. Cancer Cell 2004; 5:465-75) we identify a novel mechanism leading to p53 stabilization following UV damage of the cells. This involves UV damage provoked nucleoplasmic relocalization of a nucleolar protein, nucleophosmin (NPM, B23) and its rapid and transient interactions with both p53 and HDM2. We discuss here implications of recent findings that several p53 pathway proteins interact with NPM and find that its participation in cellular damage responses is limited to transcriptional stress but absent in direct ds DNA breaks. These findings suggest divergence in the routes provoking p53 stability and implicate the nucleolus as a central site participating in transcriptional stress responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)974-977
Number of pages4
JournalCell Cycle
Volume3
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • HDM2
  • NPM
  • Nucleolus
  • UV
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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