The transcriptional corepressors SMRT and N-CoR function as silencing mediators for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors. Here we show that SMRT and N-CoR directly interact with mSin3A, a corepressor for the Mad-Max heterodimer and a homolog of the yeast global-transcriptional repressor Sin3p. In addition, we demonstrate that the recently characterized histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) interacts with Sin3A and SMRT to form a multisubunit repressor complex. Consistent with this model, we find that HDAC inhibitors synergize with retinoic acid to stimulate hormone-responsive genes and differentiation of myeloid leukemia (HL-60) cells. This work establishes a convergence of repression pathways for bHLH-Zip proteins and nuclear receptors and suggests this type of regulation may be more widely conserved than previously suspected.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)