The nuclear matrix represents the structural component of the nucleus that determines nuclear shape and higher order DNA organization. We have previously shown tissue specificity in nuclear matrix proteins (NMP), in rat sex accessory tissues, and in a rat model of prostate cancer. This study compares NMP patterns for fresh human normal prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate cancer for 21 men undergoing surgery for clinically localized prostate cancer or BPH. NMP patterns were compared using high resolution two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. We identified by molecular weight and isoelectric point 14 different proteins that were consistently present or absent among the various tissues. One protein (PC-1), a Mr 56,000 protein with an isoelectric point of 6.58, appeared in 14 of 14 different nuclear matrix preparations from prostate cancer and was not detected in normal prostate (0 of 13) or BPH (0 of 14). The NMP patterns are consistent with a model of disease progression in which BPH shares many of the nuclear matrix changes observed in prostate cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Feb 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research