Nuclear genes involved in mitochondria-to-nucleus communication in breast cancer cells

Robert Delsite, Sushant Kachhap, Ramaswamy Anbazhagan, Edward Gabrielson, Keshav K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The interaction of nuclear and mitochondrial genes is an essential feature in maintenance of normal cellular function. Of 82 structural subunits that make up the oxidative phosphorylation system in the mitochondria, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes 13 subunits and rest of the subunits are encoded by nuclear DNA. Mutations in mitochondrial genes encoding the 13 subunits have been reported in a variety of cancers. However, little is known about the nuclear response to impairment of mitochondrial function in human cells. Results: We isolated a Rho0 (devoid of mtDNA) derivative of a breast cancer cell line. Our study suggests that depletion of mtDNA results in oxidative stress, causing increased lipid peroxidation in breast cancer cells. Using a cDNA microarray we compared differences in the nuclear gene expression profile between a breast cancer cell line (parental Rho+) and its Rho0 derivative impaired in mitochondrial function. Expression of several nuclear genes involved in cell signaling, cell architecture, energy metabolism, cell growth, apoptosis including general transcription factor TFIIH, v-maf, AML1, was induced in Rho0 cells. Expression of several genes was also down regulated. These include phospholipase C, agouti related protein, PKC gamma, protein tyrosine phosphatase C, phosphodiestarase 1A (cell signaling), PIBF1, cytochrome p450, (metabolism) and cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor p19, and GAP43 (cell growth and differentiation). Conclusions: Mitochondrial impairment in breast cancer cells results in altered expression of nuclear genes involved in signaling, cellular architecture, metabolism, cell growth and differentiation, and apoptosis. These genes may mediate the cross talk between mitochondria and the nucleus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6
JournalMolecular Cancer
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 2002

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cancer
  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Nuclear genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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