Nrf2 reduces allergic asthma in mice through enhanced airway epithelial cytoprotective function

Thomas E. Sussan, Sachin Gajghate, Samit Chatterjee, Pooja Mandke, Sarah McCormick, Kuladeep Sudini, Sarvesh Kumar, Patrick N. Breysse, Gregory B. Diette, Venkataramana K. Sidhaye, Shyam Biswal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Asthma development and pathogenesis are influenced by the interactions of airway epithelial cells and innate and adaptive immune cells in response to allergens. Oxidative stress is an important mediator of asthmatic phenotypes in these cell types. Nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a redox-sensitive transcription factor that is the key regulator of the response to oxidative and environmental stress. We previously demonstrated that Nrf2-deficient mice have heightened susceptibility to asthma, including elevated oxidative stress, inflammation, mucus, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) (Rangasamy T, Guo J, Mitzner WA, Roman J, Singh A, Fryer AD, Yamamoto M, Kensler TW, Tuder RM, Georas SN, Biswal S. J Exp Med 202: 47–59, 2005). Here we dissected the role of Nrf2 in lung epithelial cells and tested whether genetic or pharmacological activation of Nrf2 reduces allergic asthma in mice. Cell-specific activation of Nrf2 in club cells of the airway epithelium significantly reduced allergen-induced AHR, inflammation, mucus, Th2 cytokine secretion, oxidative stress, and airway leakiness and increased airway levels of tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1 and E-cadherin. In isolated airway epithelial cells, Nrf2 enhanced epithelial barrier function and increased localization of zonula occludens-1 to the cell surface. Pharmacological activation of Nrf2 by 2-trifluoromethyl-2′-methoxychalone during the allergen challenge was sufficient to reduce allergic inflammation and AHR. New therapeutic options are needed for asthma, and this study demonstrates that activation of Nrf2 in lung epithelial cells is a novel potential therapeutic target to reduce asthma susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L27-L36
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume309
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 6 2015

Keywords

  • Airway hyperresponsiveness
  • Inflammation
  • Ovalbumin
  • Oxidative stress
  • Th2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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