Novel therapeutics for brain tumors: current practice and future prospects

Nagat El Demerdash, Jayanidhi Kedda, Nivi Ram, Henry Brem, Betty Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Introduction: Malignant gliomas are the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor with current available therapies increasing median survival to a modest 20 months. Multiple preclinical research efforts aim to further this improvement through advances in therapeutic options for these patients. Areas covered: The unique obstacles that must be managed in developing and delivering safe and efficacious therapeutics into the central nervous system are reviewed. We describe the successes and challenges in local drug delivery in the field of neuro-oncology and explore convection enhanced delivery and high frequency ultrasound as tools for safe and effective delivery. Drug delivery systems are described in addition to combination therapies that are being tested both preclinically, as well as ones currently in clinical trials. The field of immunotherapy is also discussed along with specific considerations as it relates to the brain’s microenvironment. Expert opinion: While there have been incremental advances in brain cancer therapeutics over the last few years, novel therapeutics are expanding with multiple opportunities in neuro-oncology. Overcoming the brain’s unique challenges might allow for breakthroughs and discoveries in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-21
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2020

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Keywords

  • Blood-brain-barrier
  • glioma
  • immunotherapy
  • nanoparticle
  • polymer
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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