Novel surgical approaches to fecal incontinence: Neurostimulation and artificial anal sphincter

Xiaotuan Zhao, Pankaj J. Pasricha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Neurostimulation, neosphincters with neurostimulation, and implanted artificial sphincters are recently developed therapeutic options for patients with end-stage fecal incontinence. Of these approaches, sacral nerve electric stimulation appears to be the most promising because of its relative simplicity and low morbidity. However, it is best suited for patients with anatomically intact sphincters. The other procedures target patients with gross structural defects in the sphincter but are still in their infancy. In this article we discuss these techniques and review their rationale, mechanisms of action, indications, outcomes, and complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent gastroenterology reports
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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