Novel surgical approaches to fecal incontinence: Neurostimulation and artificial anal sphincter

Xiaotuan Zhao, Pankaj Jay Pasricha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Neurostimulation, neosphincters with neurostimulation, and implanted artificial sphincters are recently developed therapeutic options for patients with end-stage fecal incontinence. Of these approaches, sacral nerve electric stimulation appears to be the most promising because of its relative simplicity and low morbidity. However, it is best suited for patients with anatomically intact sphincters. The other procedures target patients with gross structural defects in the sphincter but are still in their infancy. In this article we discuss these techniques and review their rationale, mechanisms of action, indications, outcomes, and complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume5
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fecal Incontinence
Anal Canal
Electric Stimulation
Morbidity
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Novel surgical approaches to fecal incontinence : Neurostimulation and artificial anal sphincter. / Zhao, Xiaotuan; Pasricha, Pankaj Jay.

In: Current Gastroenterology Reports, Vol. 5, No. 5, 10.2003, p. 419-424.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{0ad817cf187547f7b08bb0954418a187,
title = "Novel surgical approaches to fecal incontinence: Neurostimulation and artificial anal sphincter",
abstract = "Neurostimulation, neosphincters with neurostimulation, and implanted artificial sphincters are recently developed therapeutic options for patients with end-stage fecal incontinence. Of these approaches, sacral nerve electric stimulation appears to be the most promising because of its relative simplicity and low morbidity. However, it is best suited for patients with anatomically intact sphincters. The other procedures target patients with gross structural defects in the sphincter but are still in their infancy. In this article we discuss these techniques and review their rationale, mechanisms of action, indications, outcomes, and complications.",
author = "Xiaotuan Zhao and Pasricha, {Pankaj Jay}",
year = "2003",
month = "10",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "419--424",
journal = "Current Gastroenterology Reports",
issn = "1522-8037",
publisher = "Current Medicine Group",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novel surgical approaches to fecal incontinence

T2 - Neurostimulation and artificial anal sphincter

AU - Zhao, Xiaotuan

AU - Pasricha, Pankaj Jay

PY - 2003/10

Y1 - 2003/10

N2 - Neurostimulation, neosphincters with neurostimulation, and implanted artificial sphincters are recently developed therapeutic options for patients with end-stage fecal incontinence. Of these approaches, sacral nerve electric stimulation appears to be the most promising because of its relative simplicity and low morbidity. However, it is best suited for patients with anatomically intact sphincters. The other procedures target patients with gross structural defects in the sphincter but are still in their infancy. In this article we discuss these techniques and review their rationale, mechanisms of action, indications, outcomes, and complications.

AB - Neurostimulation, neosphincters with neurostimulation, and implanted artificial sphincters are recently developed therapeutic options for patients with end-stage fecal incontinence. Of these approaches, sacral nerve electric stimulation appears to be the most promising because of its relative simplicity and low morbidity. However, it is best suited for patients with anatomically intact sphincters. The other procedures target patients with gross structural defects in the sphincter but are still in their infancy. In this article we discuss these techniques and review their rationale, mechanisms of action, indications, outcomes, and complications.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1542705895&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1542705895&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Review article

C2 - 12959724

AN - SCOPUS:1542705895

VL - 5

SP - 419

EP - 424

JO - Current Gastroenterology Reports

JF - Current Gastroenterology Reports

SN - 1522-8037

IS - 5

ER -