Novel SS18-NEDD4 gene fusion in a primary renal synovial sarcoma

Pedram Argani, Lei Zhang, Yun Shao Sung, Carlos Bacchi, David Swanson, Brendan C. Dickson, Cristina R. Antonescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report a primary renal synovial sarcoma with a novel gene fusion and unusual morphology. The patient was a 35-year-old female who was found to have a 5 cm hypocellular, myxoid spindle cell renal neoplasm that subtly permeated amongst native renal tubules. The tumor cells showed elongated hyperchromatic nuclei with ill-defined pale cytoplasm, lacking significant mitotic activity or necrosis. Based on its deceptively bland morphology, the differential diagnosis included mainly benign entities, such as metanephric stromal tumor, mixed epithelial stromal tumor (MEST), and myxoid peripheral nerve sheath tumors. A definitive diagnosis of synovial sarcoma was made only subsequently to RNA-sequencing, which revealed a novel SS18-NEDD4 gene fusion. These results were further confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using custom design break-apart probes for both genes. This case illustrates the utility of targeted RNA-sequencing in the classification of challenging tumors with deceptive morphology and identification of novel gene fusion variants. Apart from the canonical SS18-SSX fusion, this is only the second alternative gene fusion variant described in synovial sarcoma to date, in addition to two cases harboring the SS18L1-SSX1 fusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • SS18, NEDD4, fusion
  • renal
  • synovial sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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