Novel role of NADPH oxidase in ischemic myocardium: A study with Nox2 knockout mice

Mahesh Thirunavukkarasu, Ram Sudheer Adluri, Bela Juhasz, Samson Mathews Samuel, Lijun Zhan, Anupinder Kaur, Gautam Maulik, Juan A. Sanchez, Janet Hager, Nilanjana Maulik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Abstract Several potential sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells exist. One source is NADPH oxidase, which is especially important for superoxide radical production. Nox2 is a primary regulatory subunit of NADPH oxidase. In the present study, we examined the role of ROS and NADPH oxidase in ischemic preconditioning (IP)-mediated cardioprotection by using Nox2 -/- mice. Both wild-type (WT) and Nox2-/- mice were subjected to either 30 min of ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion (IR) or IP prior to 30 min ischemia and 2 h of reperfusion. Reduction in left ventricular developed pressure (60.1 versus 63 mmHg), dp/dtmax (893 versus 1,027 mmHg/s), and aortic flow (0.9 versus 1.8 ml/min) was observed in Nox2-/-IPIR compared to WTIPIR along with increased infarct size (33% versus 22%) and apoptosis after 120 min of reperfusion. Differentially regulated genes were demonstrated by comparing gene expression in WTIPIR versus Nox2-/- IPIR hearts. Selected differentially regulated genes such as β-catenin, SRPK3, ERDR1, ACIN1, Syntaxin-8, and STC1 were validated by real-time PCR. Taken together, this is the first report identifying important, differentially expressed genes during ischemic preconditioning in Nox2-/- mice by using microarray analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-514
Number of pages14
JournalFunctional and Integrative Genomics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardioprotection
  • Gene expression
  • Ischemic preconditioning
  • NADPH oxidase
  • Nox2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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