Dysregulation of Ca 2+ signaling following oxidative stress is an important pathophysiological mechanism of many chronic neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, age-related macular degeneration, glaucomatous and diabetic retinopathies. However, the underlying mechanisms of disturbed intracellular Ca 2+ signaling remain largely unknown. We here describe a novel mechanism for increased intracellular Ca 2+ release following oxidative stress in a neuronal cell line. Using an experimental approach that included quantitative polymerase chain reaction, quantitative immunoblotting, microfluorimetry and the optical imaging of intracellular Ca 2+ release, we show that sub-lethal tert-butyl hydroperoxide-mediated oxidative stress result in a selective up-regulation of type-2 inositol-1,4,5,-trisphophate receptors. This oxidative stress mediated change was detected both at the transcriptional and translational level and functionally resulted in increased Ca 2+ release into the nucleoplasm from the membranes of the nuclear envelope at a given receptor-specific stimulus. Our data describe a novel source of Ca 2+ dysregulation induced by oxidative stress with potential relevance for differential subcellular Ca 2+ signaling specifically within the nucleus and the development of novel neuroprotective strategies in neurodegenerative disorders.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Feb 17 2011|
- Central nervous system
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