A 4 year-old-boy was referred for distichiasis of the upper and lower lids of both eyes that had been present since at least 1 year of age. The patient's family history was notable for distichiasis and lymphedema affecting numerous family members. The patient was found to have a novel heterozygous variant (c.741_742insGG) in the FOXC2 gene. Mutations in the FOXC2 gene are associated with lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome. An important feature of lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome is that distichiasis is typically present prior to the onset of lymphedema.
ASJC Scopus subject areas