Sensitive, specific, and safe bedside evaluation of brain perfusion is key to the early diagnosis, treatment, and improved survival of neonates with hypoxic ischemic injury. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (US) imaging is a novel imaging technique in which intravenously injected gas-filled microbubbles generate enhanced US echoes from an acoustic impedance mismatch. This article describes contrast-enhanced US imaging in 2 neonates with hypoxic ischemic injury and future directions on developing quantitative contrast-enhanced US techniques for improved characterization of perfusion abnormalities. The importance of studying the temporal evolution of brain perfusion in neonatal hypoxic ischemic injury is also highlighted.
- Contrast-enhanced ultrasound
- Hypoxic ischemic injury
- Pediatric ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging