Hybrid surgical and endovascular approaches such as open visceral vessel debranching and subsequent endovascular exclusion of thoracic abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) represents a significant development in treatment of TAAAs. As compared to traditional endovascular aneurysm repair, hybrid repairs commonly have a higher rate of endoleak and other endograft-related complications. In this report, we present a 71 year-old man with significant comorbidities including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension and prostate cancer. The patient after undergoing debranching of the thoracic arch followed by endograft repair of an arch aneurysm developed a proximal type I and type II endoleak fed by the previously ligated left subclavian artery. Despite coiling of the left subclavian artery and proximal extension of the endograft, a type I endoleak persisted. Several months after the left subclavian artery was coiled, a catheter was advanced through the coils and beyond the site of ligation directly into the aneurysmal sac. Once in the aneurysmal sac, multiple coils were deployed resulting in successful treatment of the type I endoleak. This report highlights the unique challenges in treating proximal descending thoracic aneurysms and represents the first report of the treatment of a type I endoleak with reaccess through a previously coiled vessel for deployment of embolics directly into the aneurysmal sac.
- Aortic arch debranching
- Endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysm
- Hybrid open-endovascular repair
- Type I endoleak
- Type II endoleak
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine