Not in my back yard: A comparative analysis of crime around publicly funded drug treatment centers, liquor stores, convenience stores, and corner stores in one Mid-Atlantic City

C. Debra M Furr-Holden, Adam J. Milam, Elizabeth D. Nesoff, Renee M Johnson, David O. Fakunle, Jacky Jennings, Roland J Thorpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This research examined whether publicly funded drug treatment centers (DTCs) were associated with violent crime in excess of the violence happening around other commercial businesses. Method: Violent crime data and locations of community entities were geocoded and mapped. DTCs and other retail outlets were matched based on a Neighborhood Disadvantage score at the census tract level. Street network buffers ranging from 100 to 1,400 feet were placed around each location. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the relationship between the count of violent crimes and the distance from each business type. Results: Compared with the mean count of violent crime around drug treatment centers, the mean count of violent crime (M = 2.87) was significantly higher around liquor stores (M = 3.98; t test; p <.01) and corner stores (M = 3.78; t test; p <.01), and there was no statistically significant difference between the count around convenience stores (M = 2.65; t test; p = .32). In the adjusted negative binomial regression models, there was a negative and significant relationship between the count of violent crime and the distance from drug treatment centers (β = -.069, p <.01), liquor stores (β = -.081, p <.01), corner stores (β = -.116, p <.01), and convenience stores (β = -.154, p <.01). Conclusions: Violent crime associated with drug treatment centers is similar to that associated with liquor stores and is less frequent than that associated with convenience stores and corner stores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-24
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Substance Abuse Treatment Centers
Drug therapy
Crime
violent crime
offense
drug
Statistical Models
Geographic Mapping
regression
Censuses
Violence
Industry
Buffers
census
violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology

Cite this

@article{c6205365609b4389af0ebaae60ee779a,
title = "Not in my back yard: A comparative analysis of crime around publicly funded drug treatment centers, liquor stores, convenience stores, and corner stores in one Mid-Atlantic City",
abstract = "Objective: This research examined whether publicly funded drug treatment centers (DTCs) were associated with violent crime in excess of the violence happening around other commercial businesses. Method: Violent crime data and locations of community entities were geocoded and mapped. DTCs and other retail outlets were matched based on a Neighborhood Disadvantage score at the census tract level. Street network buffers ranging from 100 to 1,400 feet were placed around each location. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the relationship between the count of violent crimes and the distance from each business type. Results: Compared with the mean count of violent crime around drug treatment centers, the mean count of violent crime (M = 2.87) was significantly higher around liquor stores (M = 3.98; t test; p <.01) and corner stores (M = 3.78; t test; p <.01), and there was no statistically significant difference between the count around convenience stores (M = 2.65; t test; p = .32). In the adjusted negative binomial regression models, there was a negative and significant relationship between the count of violent crime and the distance from drug treatment centers (β = -.069, p <.01), liquor stores (β = -.081, p <.01), corner stores (β = -.116, p <.01), and convenience stores (β = -.154, p <.01). Conclusions: Violent crime associated with drug treatment centers is similar to that associated with liquor stores and is less frequent than that associated with convenience stores and corner stores.",
author = "Furr-Holden, {C. Debra M} and Milam, {Adam J.} and Nesoff, {Elizabeth D.} and Johnson, {Renee M} and Fakunle, {David O.} and Jacky Jennings and Thorpe, {Roland J}",
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T2 - A comparative analysis of crime around publicly funded drug treatment centers, liquor stores, convenience stores, and corner stores in one Mid-Atlantic City

AU - Furr-Holden, C. Debra M

AU - Milam, Adam J.

AU - Nesoff, Elizabeth D.

AU - Johnson, Renee M

AU - Fakunle, David O.

AU - Jennings, Jacky

AU - Thorpe, Roland J

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N2 - Objective: This research examined whether publicly funded drug treatment centers (DTCs) were associated with violent crime in excess of the violence happening around other commercial businesses. Method: Violent crime data and locations of community entities were geocoded and mapped. DTCs and other retail outlets were matched based on a Neighborhood Disadvantage score at the census tract level. Street network buffers ranging from 100 to 1,400 feet were placed around each location. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the relationship between the count of violent crimes and the distance from each business type. Results: Compared with the mean count of violent crime around drug treatment centers, the mean count of violent crime (M = 2.87) was significantly higher around liquor stores (M = 3.98; t test; p <.01) and corner stores (M = 3.78; t test; p <.01), and there was no statistically significant difference between the count around convenience stores (M = 2.65; t test; p = .32). In the adjusted negative binomial regression models, there was a negative and significant relationship between the count of violent crime and the distance from drug treatment centers (β = -.069, p <.01), liquor stores (β = -.081, p <.01), corner stores (β = -.116, p <.01), and convenience stores (β = -.154, p <.01). Conclusions: Violent crime associated with drug treatment centers is similar to that associated with liquor stores and is less frequent than that associated with convenience stores and corner stores.

AB - Objective: This research examined whether publicly funded drug treatment centers (DTCs) were associated with violent crime in excess of the violence happening around other commercial businesses. Method: Violent crime data and locations of community entities were geocoded and mapped. DTCs and other retail outlets were matched based on a Neighborhood Disadvantage score at the census tract level. Street network buffers ranging from 100 to 1,400 feet were placed around each location. Negative binomial regression models were used to estimate the relationship between the count of violent crimes and the distance from each business type. Results: Compared with the mean count of violent crime around drug treatment centers, the mean count of violent crime (M = 2.87) was significantly higher around liquor stores (M = 3.98; t test; p <.01) and corner stores (M = 3.78; t test; p <.01), and there was no statistically significant difference between the count around convenience stores (M = 2.65; t test; p = .32). In the adjusted negative binomial regression models, there was a negative and significant relationship between the count of violent crime and the distance from drug treatment centers (β = -.069, p <.01), liquor stores (β = -.081, p <.01), corner stores (β = -.116, p <.01), and convenience stores (β = -.154, p <.01). Conclusions: Violent crime associated with drug treatment centers is similar to that associated with liquor stores and is less frequent than that associated with convenience stores and corner stores.

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