Nosocomial infections

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Anosocomial infection (NI) is defined as an infection that is not present or incubating when the patient is admitted to a hospital or other health care facility.1 Generally, an infection that is discovered 48-72 h after admission is indicative of nosocomial, rather than community-acquired, infection. Although usually associated with hospital admission (hence the term hospital-acquired infection), Ms can arise after admission to any health care facility, and the term health care-associated infection is now preferred. Nosocomial infections are increasingly considered as a measure of quality of care and are the focus of safety and quality improvements efforts in many hospitals today.2-8 To date, the extent these NIs are avoidable under real-life hospital conditions and what represents the irreducible minimum remain unclear.9-11 A number of observational studies implementing multimodality strategies and standardized policies and practices have demonst rated a 10% to 70% reduction in infection rates depending on the setting, study design, type of infection, and baseline infection rates.9-15

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSurgery
Subtitle of host publicationBasic Science and Clinical Evidence: Second Edition
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages273-286
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9783540297338
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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