Objective To issue a consensus document on the prevention, management, and research of infection associated with penile prostheses, as neither professional associations nor governmental entities have issued guidelines that are specific to this infection. Methods Sixteen North American experts on infection of penile prostheses were identified and assembled to select and discuss certain issues related to infection of penile prostheses. After performing an extensive search of clinically important issues in published reports, the 16 experts met twice in person to finalize the selection, discuss the issues that were deemed most important, and issue pertinent recommendations. Results Although many subjects relevant to infection of penile prostheses were initially identified, the experts selected 10 issues as currently being the most important issues and for which there exists some support in the published data. The examined issues involved prevention, management, or research of infections associated with penile prostheses. Conclusion In the absence of pertinent guidelines, the consensus document issued by experts in the field of prosthetic urology is anticipated to improve the quality of patient care, streamline the prevention and management of infected penile prostheses, and stimulate collaborative research. Although this consensus document could serve as best practice recommendations, the lack of adherence to these recommendations would not indicate improper care.
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