Nonpathogenic common variants of IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 in association with total serum IgE levels

Pei Song Gao, Xiao Quan Mao, Emmanuelle Jouanguy, Annaick Pallier, Rainer Döffinger, Yosuke Tanaka, Hitoshi Nakashima, Takeshi Otsuka, Mark H. Roberts, Tadao Enomoto, Yasuhiro Dake, Mitsuru Kawai, Sei Sasaki, Sarah R. Shaldon, Phillip Coull, Chaker N. Adra, Yoshiyuki Niho, Jean Laurent Casanova, Taro Shirakawa, Julian M. Hopkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atopy is an immune disorder in which a Th2 dominant mechanism leads to high IgE levels and the clinical disorder asthma. It has been postulated that the Th1 cytokine IFNγ, acting through its heterodimeric receptors, IFNγR1 and IFNγR2, in the induction/proliferation of Th1 cells, might suppress the Th2 responses that may underlie atopic asthma. However, neither murine nor human variants of IFNγ associate with atopy. Several dysfunctional mutations have been identified in IFNγ receptor genes (IFNGR1 and IFNGR2) in relation to severe and selective infections with poorly pathogenic organisms. However, little is known about common polymorphisms and their functional role in atopy. To test whether such variants of IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 relate to atopic asthma, we conducted a genetic association study in both British (n = 300) and Japanese (n = 200) populations. An intronic variant of IFNGR1 showed marginal association with total serum IgE levels in the British population compared with those with total IgE levels < 30 IU/ml and those with > 120-500 IU/ml [odds ratio = 2.00 (95% CI 1.00-4.07), P = 0.048]. A coding variant, Gln64Arg of the IFNGR2, also associated with total serum IgE levels in the British population [χ2 = 5.08, P = 0.024]. Further genetic and functional analyses are needed to clarify the role of variants of IFNγ receptor genes in atopic immune disorder among different ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-429
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume263
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 24 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Human
  • IFNγ receptors
  • Molecular biology
  • Th1/Th2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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