Nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis following sexual assault in industrialized low-HIV-prevalence countries: A review

Jessica E. Draughon, Daniel J. Sheridan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Although available for over a decade, use of nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP) remains controversial in the United States. There are concerns over sexual assault survivors' adherence, or lack thereof, leading to increased costs without an appreciable decrease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. This review examines and synthesizes the available literature from the past 10 years to determine the true rates of provision and adherence to nPEP regimens in sexual assault survivors in low HIV prevalence, industrialized nations. Findings suggest that further prospective research is necessary to better understand the process of post-assault nPEP evaluation and subsequent follow-up and adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-254
Number of pages20
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • SANE
  • forensic nursing
  • nPEP
  • nPEP compliance
  • rape
  • sexual assault

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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