Nonlinear discriminant graph embeddings for detecting white matter lesions in FLAIR MRI

Samuel Kadoury, Guray Erus, Christos Davatzikos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Brain abnormalities such as white matter lesions (WMLs) are not only linked to cerebrovascular disease, but also with normal aging, diabetes and other conditions increasing the risk for cerebrovascular pathologies. Discovering quantitative measures which assess the degree or probability of WML in patients is important for evaluating disease burden, progression and response to interventions. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for detecting the presence of WMLs in periventricular areas of the brain with a discriminant graph-embedding framework, introducing within-class and between-class similarity graphs described in nonlinear manifold subspaces to characterize intra-regional compactness and inter-regional separability. The geometrical structure of the data is exploited to perform linearization and canonical kernalization based on fuzzy-matching principles of 876 normal tissue patches in 73 subjects, and tested on patches imaging both WML (263) and healthy areas (133) in 33 subjects with diabetes. Experiments highlight the advantage of introducing separability between submanifolds to learn the studied data and increase the discriminatory power, with detection rates over 91% in true-positives, and the importance of measuring similarity for specific pathological patterns using kernelized distance metrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMachine Learning in Medical Imaging - Third International Workshop, MLMI 2012, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2012, Revised Selected Papers
Pages94-102
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2012
Event3rd International Workshop on Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, MLMI 2012, Held in conjunction with the 15th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2012 - Nice, France
Duration: Oct 1 2012Oct 1 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7588 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other3rd International Workshop on Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, MLMI 2012, Held in conjunction with the 15th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2012
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityNice
Period10/1/1210/1/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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