The cardiac function of 21 patients with cystic fibrosis was studied using radionuclides and M-mode echocardiography. The patients (mean age 13.2 years, range 4 to 27) had a wide range of clinical and pulmonary function abnormalities (mean Shwachman-Kulczycki score 62.1). Decreased right ventricular ejection fraction was found in 13 of 18 patients (72%); an additional four patients had abnormal septal motion on ECHO. Left ventricular ejection fraction was abnormal at rest in four patients (19%); an additional four patients had borderline low LVEF. The LV pre-ejection period to ejection time ratio increased significantly (i.e., worsening LV performance) with deterioration of S-K score, chest radiograph score, and forced expiratory volume in 1 second. Three of eight patients with normal LVEF at rest had an abnormal response to supine bicycle exercise: LVEF fell in two patients and was unchanged in one. Thus evidence of LV dysfunction was observed in seven of 21 (33%) of the patients; four at rest and in three only during exercise.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health