Nomenclature for renal replacement therapy and blood purification techniques in critically ill patients: Practical applications

Gianluca Villa, Mauro Neri, Rinaldo Bellomo, Jorge Cerda, A. Raffaele De Gaudio, Silvia De Rosa, Francesco Garzotto, Patrick M. Honore, John Kellum, Anna Lorenzin, Didier Payen, Zaccaria Ricci, Sara Samoni, Jean Louis Vincent, Julia Wendon, Marta Zaccaria, Claudio Ronco, S. M. Bagshaw, A. Balducci, I. BaldwinF. Barbarigo, R. Bellomo, P. Braganó, J. Braunsky, F. Calletti, J. Cerda, L. Chawla, S. De Rosa, S. Di Somma, K. Doi, P. Dosil Rosende, M. Emmett, L. Fecondini, D. Galavotti, F. Garzotto, N. Gibney, S. L. Goldstein, G. Guadagni, P. Honorè, E. Hoste, S. Inadome, K. Kashani, N. Katz, J. Kellum, R. Kenley, Y. Kobayashi, J. Lannoy, A. Lewington, A. Lorenzin, F. Mariano, on behalf of the Nomenclature Standardization Initiative (NSI) Alliance

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


This article reports the conclusions of the second part of a consensus expert conference on the nomenclature of renal replacement therapy (RRT) techniques currently utilized to manage acute kidney injury and other organ dysfunction syndromes in critically ill patients. A multidisciplinary approach was taken to achieve harmonization of definitions, components, techniques, and operations of the extracorporeal therapies. The article describes the RRT techniques in detail with the relevant technology, procedures, and phases of treatment and key aspects of volume management/fluid balance in critically ill patients. In addition, the article describes recent developments in other extracorporeal therapies, including therapeutic plasma exchange, multiple organ support therapy, liver support, lung support, and blood purification in sepsis. This is a consensus report on nomenclature harmonization in extracorporeal blood purification therapies, such as hemofiltration, plasma exchange, multiple organ support therapies, and blood purification in sepsis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number283
JournalCritical Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 10 2016


  • Continuous plasmafiltration coupled with adsorption
  • Continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration
  • Continuous veno-venous hemodialysis
  • Continuous veno-venous hemofiltration
  • CRRT machine
  • Hemoperfusion
  • High volume hemofiltration
  • Pressure sensor
  • Pump
  • Terminology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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